YELLOWKNIFE 4 January 2021 - The Chief Public Officer has confirmed pertussis activity in Fort Simpson.
Pertussis is a vaccine-preventable disease also known as whooping cough. It is a contagious (easily spread) infection of the lungs and airways caused by a bacteria. Pertussis can infect anyone at any age but is most dangerous for infants and children under 1 year of age.
As of January 4, 2021, there is cluster of 4 people diagnosed with pertussis in Fort Simpson with laboratory confirmation in at least one.
Residents can protect themselves and their loved ones from pertussis by getting vaccinated. The pertussis-containing vaccine is safe and effective, although immunity from the pertussis vaccine may fade over time. An adolescent booster dose is offered in grade 7 and every 10 years as an adult. Pregnant women should get a pertussis-containing vaccine between 27-32 weeks of their pregnancy, regardless of their last dose. This booster in pregnancy protects the newborn by protecting their mother in pregnancy.
The vaccine is free of charge and is part of the routine NWT Immunization Schedule.
The first symptoms of pertussis are mild and usually appear 7-10 days after exposure, but may take up to 21 days to develop:
- mild fever,
- runny nose,
- red, watery eyes,
- sneezing, and
- mild cough.
About 10 days after the initial symptoms, the cough becomes worse, leading to severe, repeated and forceful coughing spells that end with a whooping sound before the next breath. The cough tends to be worse at night and may result in vomiting and difficulty breathing. Babies and small children may turn blue.
Antibiotics reduce the infectiousness of pertussis although the symptoms may persist for even months.
If you think you may have been exposed to someone with pertussis or have a cough concerning for pertussis, you should call the health centre or your health care provider as soon as possible.
If you have pertussis, it is important to stay at home and away from infants, young children, women in their last 3 months of pregnancy, and large public gatherings until you complete antibiotics.
If you are not sure if you or your child is immunized, book an appointment with your public health unit or local community health centre.
For more information contact:
Health and Social Services
(867) 767-9052 ext. 49034